Unless the airway is blocked, do not move the person
until a medical team arrives and checks for spinal cord injury.
1. Do Hands-Only CPR, if Necessary
If the person is unconscious or not breathing, do ONLY chest compressions.
For an adult, start adult CPR.
For a child, start CPR for children.
2. For Mild or Moderate Head Injuries
To control bleeding, apply clean dressings directly to scalp or facial cuts.
To control swelling, apply ice for 20 to 30 minutes every 2 to 4 hours.
For headache, give over-the-counter acetaminophen. Do not use aspirin,
ibuprofen, or other anti-inflammatory drugs, which can increase the risk of
3. When to See a Doctor
See a doctor immediately if the person experiences:
Irritability or restlessness
Loss of strength in the hands or feet
4. Follow Up
Do not leave the person alone for 24 hours.
Check the person every 2 hours for alertness.
Look for new symptoms, such as confusion, vomiting, unequal pupils, or unusual
If symptoms persist or get worse, see a doctor. The doctor will do an exam and
may do blood tests, an X-ray, a CT or CAT scan, or an EEG.